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Prospect Podiatry!

We are your one-stop podiatry centre where our experienced and friendly staff provide the most comprehensive range of podiatry services available.

Bunion Surgery

What is a bunion?

A bunion, often described as a “bump,” develops when the bone or soft tissue surrounding the joint at the base of the big toe shifts from its normal position. This misalignment causes the joint to protrude, leading to the characteristic bump commonly associated with bunions.

The toe is forced to bend toward the others, causing an often painful lump of bone on the foot. Because this joint carries a lot of the body’s weight while walking, bunions can cause extreme pain if left untreated.

What are the causes of bunions?

Bunions can develop due to a combination of factors, including genetic predisposition, improper foot mechanics, and certain lifestyle choices. The primary causes of bunions are as follows:

  1. Inherited Foot Structure: Bunions tend to run in families, suggesting a genetic component. Some individuals inherit a foot structure that makes them more susceptible to developing bunions. This can include having loose or flexible joints, flat feet, or a pronated foot position.
  2. Foot Mechanics: Abnormal foot mechanics can contribute to the formation of bunions. Conditions such as overpronation (excessive inward rolling of the foot) can place undue stress on the big toe joint, leading to the development of a bunion over time.
  3. Improper Footwear: Wearing shoes that are too tight, narrow, or have a narrow toe box can squeeze the toes together and increase pressure on the big toe joint. High-heeled shoes can also contribute to bunions by pushing the toes forward and placing additional strain on the joint.
  4. Trauma or Injury: An injury to the foot or toe can disrupt the normal alignment of the joint, potentially leading to the development of a bunion.
  5. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or connective tissue disorders, can weaken the structures around the big toe joint, making it more susceptible to bunion formation.


Surgical correction for bunion deformities is best performed before secondary deformities such as hammer toes and arthritis develop.

Expert assessment by your Podiatric Surgeon, Andrew van Essen, can give you an indication of the prognosis and work with you to identify the right time for you to have surgery.

Surgical correction for bunion deformities has come a long way in recent times, with procedures to minimalise the recovery times and pain management.

Our team at Prospect Podiatry is here to give you a full assessment and guide you through the best treatment for your condition.

Get in touch with us to book your next appointment now!
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