Shin pain has several causes, the most common being inflammation at the attachments of various muscles to the shin bone. Excessive foot pronation has been shown to be a significant cause along with tightness of the deep calf muscle.
Other causes are micro fracturing of the tibial or chronic compartment syndrome where muscle cannot expand when you exercise.
Assessment and correct diagnosis is important. Treatment varies depending on the diagnosis.
For the most common causes of shin pain, treatment usually involves rest, cross training, ice massage, anti-inflammatory drugs, deep soft tissue massage and stretching exercises along with orthoses and footwear to reduce pronation.